Army's Face to the World
Security assistance, a national program administered by the State Department,
is a major component of U.S. foreign policy.
Prior to the reorganization of the Army in 1962, which included the formation
of the U.S. Army Materiel Command, the predominant Army technical service
involved in the U.S. Foreign Aid Program was the Ordnance Corps' Mutual Security
Division, which had program responsibility for foreign aid programs for the
In 1962, the foreign aid functions of the Army technical services were placed
into a central organization, creating the Mutual Security Agency. AMC's role in
security assistance crystallized in February 1965 when the Logistic Control
Office of the Supply and Maintenance Command was assigned from the U.S. Army
Terminal Command, Atlantic, to New Cumberland Army Depot, Pa.
That same year, the Mutual Security Directorate of the SMC Logistic Control
Office, N.Y., was transferred to New Cumberland, and on 1 August 1965, the U.S.
Army SMC International Logistics Center was established as a separate activity
at New Cumberland.
In 1966, the growing ILC was re-designated the U.S. Army International
Logistics Center, and the SMC was discontinued and its functions were assumed by
AMC. Supporting our allies in Vietnam, the ILC continued to expand, as elements
of the MSA were transferred to New Cumberland, and Mutual Security Field Offices
for Europe, Far East, and the Southern Command were transferred to
administrative control of the ILC.
Army security assistance was elevated to Major Subordinate Command status
Nov. 1, 1975 when the U.S. Army International Logistics Command was formed at
Headquarters, U.S. Army Materiel Development and Readiness Command, Alexandria,
An expanded USAILCOM was reorganized in 1977 and re-designated the U.S. Army
Security Assistance Center, reflecting its mission (delegated by the CG DARCOM)
as the Department of the Army Executive Agent for Security Assistance.
USASAC gained 200 employees in 1979 when the Office of the Project Manager,
Saudi Arabia National Guard Modernization was assigned to USASAC.
The Army security assistance mission was further consolidated in August 1985
when USASAC and AMC developed and implemented the Army Centralized Case
Management System, under which USASAC was designated the Army single point of
contact for managing Foreign Military Sales. On April 1, 1990 USASAC was
re-designated as the U.S. Army Security Assistance Command to reflect its
Within a year, USASAC's performance in Operations Desert Shield and Desert
Storm became the stuff of legend. In addition to supporting foreign customers
and coalition forces, USASAC employees supported U.S. forces' management of
Saudi Arabia's helicopter assets and parts, plus the equipping of Kuwaiti
civilians with combat uniforms as they accompanied U.S. in-theater combat
Operations personnel were on-call 24 hours a day, seven days a week, and
requirements turnaround times for secondary items was reduced from previous
years and months to mere days. Overall, new FMS in fiscal year 1991 hit an
all-time high of $10.1 billion.
Since its formation, USASAC has supported major military operations and
helped spearhead international peacekeeping and humanitarian efforts. Its legacy
is not without tragedy; the 1995 terrorist bombing in Saudi Arabia took seven
lives and injured dozens of USASAC employees.
On Oct. 1, 2001 USASAC relocated its headquarters to Fort Belvoir, Va. In
2005, the Base Realignment and Closure decision required USASAC headquarters to
relocated to Redstone Arsenal, Ala., to share a new headquarters facility with
AMC by July 2011.
In September 2009 all functions eligible for transfer had been relocated to
Redstone, a full two years ahead of schedule, making USASAC the first flag-level
2005 BRAC move completed.
Today, USASAC remains "The Army's Face to the World," the one-stop focal
point for Army FMS and the "international partner of choice" in U.S. security
assistance. Serving 140 allies and friendly countries and multinational
organizations, with support by AMC, other DOD agencies and in partnership with
U.S. industry, USASAC provides materiel, training, education and other services
to help our allies strengthen their defensive capabilities, deter aggression,
achieve regional stability, and promote democratic values.